Now that we have gone over five vegetables that grow well in the southeast, northeast, and midwest sections of the U.S., it's time to tackle the southwest area of the country.

The southwest has its share of challenges of growing fresh vegetables. With very hot, dry conditions dominating much of the summer months, growing some varieties of vegetables is almost out of the question if certain precautions aren't taken.

Here are five vegetables that grow well in southwest vegetable gardens.


Peppers go along with the southwest like rice and gravy, especially when it comes to chili peppers. There are a wide variety of peppers to choose from, such as sweet banana peppers to the outrageously hot habanero peppers.

Peppers seeds need very warm soil temperatures in order to germinate, usually at least 70 - 75°F during the day and no lower than 60°F at night.

Make sure to use sharp scissors to cut the peppers from the plant when harvesting. Trying to pull the pepper from the plant can cause damage to the plant. It's easy to accidentally snap off an entire branch when pulling peppers by hand.

Peppers can be affected by aphids, flea beetles, and harlequin bugs. Blossom end rot can cause a mushy, brown section on the bottom of peppers.

Anaheim Chili, Jalapeno Gigante, Tabasco, and Sweet Bananarama are all excellent peppers to grow in southwest vegetable gardens.


Add Tomatillos to Your Southwest Vegetable Garden

Tomatillos are grown just like tomatoes, needing the same water and nutrient requirements as them. Tomatillos grow inside a papery husk which can be peeled away after harvesting.

They can be added in soups, dips, and add great flavor to salsa. Japanese beetles can strip plants of leaves. Handpick the beetles and drop them in soapy water. Paper towel collars may need to be placed around plants to prevent cutworms.

Gigante and Purple are two very good varieties of tomatillos for the southwest.


Edamame Is a Great Addition to Southwest Vegetable Gardens

Edamame is the edible version of soybeans that are very flavorful and healthy. It can grow very well in the southwest where it needs warm temperatures for germination.

As long as the soil is fertile edamame will grow like gangbusters, because its not extremely fussy. Edamame is a legume so avoid planting it in the same place legumes grew the year before.

Edamame has the best taste when harvested young and tender. The pods tend to ripen all at once so check the pods daily once they form. Once the pods feel full and the beans are starting to touch cut the entire plant off at the soil level.

A delicious variety of edamame is Be Sweet, which has high yields and great flavor.

Lima Beans

Lima Beans Can Grow Well In Southwest Vegetable Gardens

Lima beans are grown very much like green beans. They require loose, fertile soil, and are very prolific producers. Baby lima beans are often called butterbeans.

Lima beans are in the legume family as well and likewise, should not be planted before or after other legumes. Corn and lettuces can be planted in the same area a legume was planted the year before.

Japanese beetles, cutworms, and rust can all be slight problems when growing lima beans.

Baby Fordhook Bush, Florida Speckled Butterbeans, and Jackson Wonder are all fantastic choices of lima beans for the southwest vegetable garden.

Green Onions

Green Onions Are Perfect for the Southwest Vegetable Garden

Just about any type of onion can be grown in southwest vegetable gardens, but green onions really can thrive. Green onions are actually immature bulb onions and are also called bunching onions.

The bulb and the green tops are completely edible. The green tops can be used in salads, soups, dips, dressings, and just about any dish that would benefit a slightly onion taste.

Here's a cool trick with growing green onions: Instead of pulling the entire plant up, snip the green tops back a few inches as they grow, The green tops will continue to grow through out the season, providing you with green tops all season. At the end of the season you can pull the bulb up for use, or let it overwinter, and use the following spring.

In the southwest, you may be able to grow green onions year round in the southern areas.

Some delicious green onions are Evergreen Long White, Parade, White Lisbon are all great green onions for the southwest vegetable garden.

If you live in a different region than the southwest, check out these other areas for recommendations:

5 Vegetables That Grow Well In the Southeast

5 Vegetables That Grow Well In the Northeast

5 Vegetables That Grow Well In the Midwest

5 Vegetables That Grow Well In the Northwest

What are some vegetables that you grow in your southwest vegetable garden?